Magento 2 Migration Steps that Every E-commerce Business Owner Must Know

Time is ticking away for Magento 1 store owners! E-commerce businesses only have another 18 months or so to say goodbye to Magento 1 and embrace Magento 2. As you may have already known, Magento made an announcement stating that June 2020 would be the end of support for Magento opensource (Community Edition).

We penned down this article to help Magento store owners understand Magento 2 migration better, especially the steps involved from the beginning to the end. The critical knowledge surely helps them work better with freelancers, dedicated developers, or even a Magento development company and understand the essential aspects of the store migration.

Magento 2 is powerful and feature-rich. To compete with other e-commerce websites, Magento store owners must provide an excellent shopping experience to their users. Providing great customer experience will remain a challenge as long as they continue operating on the Magento 1 platform.

Before we discuss the Magento 2 migration procedure or steps involved, we recommend that Magento store owners understand the actual meaning of migration or upgrade. The terms ‘Magento 2 migration’ or ‘Magento 2 upgrade’ refers to building a Magento 2 website from scratch. The process isn’t a mere upgrade of the existing Magento store. In a practical sense, a Magento agency or a Magento developer creates a new Magento 2 store and works on it to make it look identical to the old website running on the Magento 1 platform.

The basic elements of a Magento store

The following are some of the major components a Magento website that need to be considered while migrating from Magento 1 to Magento 2.

• Data (Products and customers)
• Theme
• Extensions
• Custom Code

A well-thought-out plan is essential for a successful migration. E-commerce business owners must involve themselves in the migration project and have complete knowledge of the process. Even if they choose the best Magento 2 migration service, they still need to work closely with the agency to ensure that everything is on the right track.

The following are the standard Magento 2 migration steps that Magento professionals often follow to migrate a store from Magento 1 or Magento 2.

Step 1: Inspection of existing extensions

Magento developers examine the extensions present in the Magento 1 store and audit whether those extensions work with Magento 2. If they don’t, developers need to work on alternatives to make sure the website doesn’t miss out on the functionality. Migration is the best time to audit existing extensions, add new, or get rid of those that don’t add any value.

Step 2: Functionality audit

A Magento development agency like Exinent usually discusses the opportunity of adding new features and functionalities to a client’s website. Magento 2 migration provides an excellent opportunity for store owners to take their website to another level.

Step 3: Server audit

Magento 2 doesn’t perform well on servers with outdated software. It requires the latest PHP (7.0 or higher, MySQL (5.6 or higher), and quite a few PHP extensions like curl, mcrypt, hash, soap, zip, xsl, and json. Magento 2 needs to be on server with at least 2 GB of RAM and an SSD to fully harness its performance potential.

Step 4: Setting up a new hosting environment and installing Magento 2

In what can be called the first functional step, developers set up a new server and install a fresh copy of Magento 2 (M2) without touching or making changes to the old Magento store (M1)

Step 5: Cloning existing Magento store (M1)

The next step is cloning (C1) the live Magento store (M1). Cloning is essential to ensure that the live site is up and running during migration and free from potential mess-ups.

Step 6: Migrating the data (products, customers, orders, inventory, etc.)

In this step, developers use the official Magento 2 migration tool to transfer and sync the data between the cloned site (C1) and the new Magento 2 site (M2).

Step 7: Installing theme and updating the design of Magento 2 site (M2)

Since the data has been migrated, now focus shifts to the design of the new Magento 2 store (M2). Developers and designers work together to ensure that the new Magento 2 installation looks similar to the live Magento 1 site (M1).

Step 8: Migrating extensions

This step involves the migration of Magento 1 site (M1) extensions to the new Magento 2 store (M2). If the existing extensions of the old Magento 1 site (M1) are compatible with Magento 2, then they will be installed on the new site (M2) right away. In case if there are incompatibility issues, the affected extensions require building them from scratch to match Magento 2 architecture and ensure the functionality isn’t lost.

Step 9: Migrating custom code

Many Magento stores have custom codes and scripts written for functionality, security, performance, or optimization reasons. These custom codes or integrations must be identified and transferred (rewritten) to the new Magento 2 installation.

Step 10: Testing, testing, and more testing

Extensive testing is required to make sure that all the data, extensions, custom code, functionalities, and pretty much everything on the old Magento store (M1) are available on the newly-built Magento 2 store. As an e-commerce store owner, it is very important that you involve yourself in this testing process to ensure everything is intact and working well.

Step 11: Going live

The final step is going live. Once everything is good, Magento 2 migration specialists simply update the DNS/IP information of the domain to point to the new Magento 2 store.

At Exinent, we have helped hundreds of Magento store owners migrate their store from Magento 1 to Magento 2. Being one of the few top Magento 2 migration agencies located in the United States, we would be more than happy to assist you in moving your e-commerce store to Magento 2.

Let us know your questions about Magento 2 migrations. We are happy to help!